References | On Beyond Darwin

References

Chapter 1

1. Ernst Mach, The Science of Mechanics , Open Court Publ. Co., Illinois, p.559, (First published in 1883).

2. Thomas S. Kuhn , The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, International Encyclopedia of Unified Science, vol.2, No.2, second edition, 1970, p.4.

3. Ibid. , p.20.

4. Charles Darwin, More letters of Charles Darwin , ed. Frances Darwin and A.C. Seward, New York, vol.1, 1903, p.45.

5. Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species, first edition, ed. Penguin Books, 1968, p.453.

Chapter 2

1. Hans Reichenbach, The Rise of Scientific Philosophy, University of California Press, 1951 p.203.

2. Steven Weinberg, The First Three Minutes, Basic Books, Inc., New York, 1977, pp.2–4.

3. Werner Heisenberg, Physics and Philosophy, Harper and Row, New York, 1958, p.67.

4. Hans Reichenbach, The Rise of Scientific Philosophy, University of California Press, 1951, p.207.

5. Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species, ed. Penguin Books, 1968, p.458.

6. John Burrow, Introduction to The Origin of Species, ed. Penguin Books, 1968, p.48.

7. Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species, ed. Penguin Books, 1968, p.460.

8. Prince Albert, Principal Speeches and Addresses of his Royal Highness, London, 1862, pp.111–112.

9. Gertrude Himmelfarb, Darwin and the Darwinian Revolution, W.W. Norton and Company, 1968, p.358–359.

10. Frederick Temple, The Present Relations of Science to Religion, Pamphlet, Oxford, 1860, p.13.

11. Gertrude Himmelfarb, Darwin and the Darwinian Revolution, W.W. Norton and Company, 1968, p.391.

12. John Burrow, Introduction to The Origin of Species, ed. Penguin Books, 1968, p.18.

13. Ibid., p.19 .

14. Gertrude Himmelfarb, Darwin and the Darwinian Revolution, W.W. Norton and Company, 1968, p.347.

15. Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species, ed. Penguin Books, 1968,p.435.

16. Ibid., p.219.

17. Thomas S. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, International Encyclopedia of Unified Science, vol.2, No.2, second edition, 1970, p.171.

18. Gertrude Himmelfarb, Darwin and the Darwinian Revolution, W.W. Norton and Company, 1968, p.337.

19. Ibid., p.395.

20. Albert Einstein, The Human Side, ed. Dukas and Hoffman, Princeton University Press, 1979.

21. Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species, ed. Penguin Books, 1968,(Title page)

22. Paul Tillich, Systematic Theology I , The University of Chicago Press, 1971,p.266.

23. Werner Heisenberg, Physics and Philosophy, Harper and Row, New York, 1958, pp.79–80.

24. B. Hoffman, Albert Einstein Creator and Rebel, Viking Press, New York, p.222.

Chapter 3

1. F.W. Constant, Fundamental Laws of Physics, Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 1963, p.75.

2. Hans Reichenbach, The Rise of Scientific Philosophy, University of California Press, 1951, pp.157–158.

3. Ibid., p.6.

4. Ibid., p.196.

5. Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species, ed. Penguin Books, 1968, (Title page).

6. Ernst Mach, “The Significance and Purpose of Natural Laws” in Philosophy of Science, World Publishing Company, 1960, p.270.

7. Werner Heisenberg, Physics and Philosophy, Harper and Row, New York, 1958, p.82.

8. P.W. Bridgman, The Nature of Physical Theory, Dover Publications, New York, p.57.

9. Lewis S. Feuer, Einstein and the Generations of Science, Basic Books, New York, 1974, pp.137–139.

10. Ibid., p.110.

11. Ibid., pp.78–79 .

12. Melvin Kranzberg, “The Personality of Science”, Editorial, American Scientist, Jan.– Feb., 1979.

13. Ernst Mach, The Science of Mechanics, Open Court Publ. Co., Illinois, p.555.

14. Albert Einstein, “Ernst Mach”, Physicalische Zeitschrift, vol.17, 1916, pp. 101–104.

15. Thomas S. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, International Encyclopedia of Unified Science, vol.2, No.2, second edition, 1970, p.5.

16. Ibid., p.7.

17. Ibid., p.24.

Chapter 4

1. R.P. Feynman, Lectures on Physics, Vol. I, CIT, 1963, p.2–1.

2. Max Jammer, Concepts of Force, Harvard University Press, 1957, p.2.

3. Albert Einstein, Out of My Later Years, Philosophical Library, New York, 1950, p.62.

4. Ibid., p.59.

5. Louis de Broglie, Savants et Decouvertes, Paris, 1951, p.361.

6. N.R. Hanson, Patterns of Discovery, Cambridge University Press, London, 1958, p.118.

7. Louis de Broglie, Savants et Decouvertes, Paris, 1951, p.361.

8. Ernst Mach, The Science of Mechanics, Open Court Publ. Co., Illinois, p.460.

9. Mario Bunge, Causality and Modern Science, Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1979, p.83.

10. Hans Reichenbach, The Rise of Scientific Philosophy, University of California Press, 1951, p.255.

11. P.W. Bridgman, The Nature of Physical Theory, Dover Publications, New York, p.70.

12. Werner Heisenberg, Physics and Philosophy, Harper and Row, New York, 1958, p.73.

13. J.H. Randall Jr., “Making of the Modern Mind”, reprinted in Science and Ideas, ed. Arons and Bork, Prentice-Hall, 1964, p.140.

Chapter 5

1. Newton, p.673, (letter).

2. P.W. Bridgman, The Nature of Physical Theory, Dover Publications, New York, p.95.

3. Lewis S. Feuer, Einstein and the Generations of Science, Basic Books, New York, 1974, p.43.

4. Ernst Mach, The Science of Mechanics, Open Court Publ. Co., Illinois, p.586.

5. Ibid., p.587.

6. Louis de Broglie, Savants et Decouvertes, Paris, 1951, p.265.

7. Ibid., p.64.

8. R. Huelsenbeck, Dada Almanach, Berlin, 1920, p.125.

9. Albert Einstein, Out of my Later Years, Philosophical Library, New York, 1950, pp.62–63.

10. R.P. Feynman, Lectures on Physics, Vol.I, CIT, 1963, p.12–1.

11. Thomas S. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, International Encyclopedia of United Science, vol.2, No.2, second edition, 1970, p.172.

12. P.W. Bridgman, The Way Things Are, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1959, p.2.

13. Ernst Mach, Preface to the first edition 1883 The Science of Mechanics, Open Court Publ. Co., Illinois.

Chapter 6

1. Ernst Mach, The Science of Mechanics, Open Court Publ. Co., Illinois, p.306.

2. Newton Principia (Rules of Reasoning) p.398.

3. Ernst Mach, The Science of Mechanics, Open Court Publ. Co., Illinois, p.281.

4. Newton (Relativity):

5. P.W. Bridgman, The Logic of Modern Physics, New York, 1927, p.83.

6. Sir Fred Hoyle, The Future of Physics and Astronomy, American Scientist, Vol.64, March–April, 1976, p.198.

7. P.W. Bridgman, The Nature of Physical Theory, Dover Publications, New York, p.107.

8. Werner Heisenberg, Physics and Philosophy, Harper and Row, New York, 1958, p.66.

9. Mario Bunge, Causality and Modern Science, Dover Publications, 1979, p.129.

Chapter 7

1. Thomas H. Huxley, Life and Letters, Ed. Leonard Huxley, London, 1903, II, p.201.

2. N.R. Hanson, Patterns of Discovery, Cambridge University Press, London, 1965, p.133.

3. Cajori, p.634. (Newton in a letter to friend Bentley)

4. J. Clerk Maxwell, Electricity and Magnetism, Vol.II, Dover Publ., p.492.

5. P.W. Bridgman, The Nature of Some of Our Physical Concepts, Philosophical Library, New York, 1952, pp.14–15.

6. P.W. Bridgman, The Way Things Are, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1959, p.193.

7. Hans Reichenbach, The Rise of Scientific Philosophy, University of California Press, 1951, p.191.

Chapter 8

1. Werner Heisenberg, Physics and Philosophy, Harper and Row, New York, 1958, p.63.

2. R.P. Feynman, Lectures on Physics, Vol.I, CIT, 1963, p.4–1.

3. Ernst Mach, The Science of Mechanics, Open Court Publ. Co., Illinois, p.551.

4. R. Resnick and D. Halliday, Physics Part I, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1966, p.144.

5. Ernst Mach, The Science of Mechanics, Open Court Publ. Co., Illinois, p.361.

6. Max Jammer, Concepts of Mass, Harper Torchbooks, New York, 1964, p.153.

7. PSNS staff, An Approach to Physical Science, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1969, pp.191–192.

8. Ibid., p.201.

Chapter 9

1. F.W. Constant, Fundamental Laws of Physics, Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., Reading, Mass., 1966, p.76.

2. Ibid., p.75.

3. R. Resnick and D. Halliday, Physics Part I, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1966, p.79.

4. Arthur Danto and Sidney Morgenbesser, Philisophy of Science, The World Publishing Company, 1960, p.317.

5. Ernst Mach, The Science of Mechanics, Open Court Publ. Co., Illinois, p.288.

6. David Bohm, Causality and Chance in Modern Physics, Harper Torchbooks, 1957, pp.2–3.

7. Ibid., p.29.

8. D.G. Ivey, Physics in Two Volumes, John Wiley and Sons, 1974, p.791.

9. Sir Fred Hoyle, “The Future of Physics and Astronomy”, American Scientist, vol.64, March–April, 1976.

10. P.W. Bridgman, The Nature of Physical Theory, Dover Publications, New York, p.107.

11. Thomas S. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, International Encyclopedia of Unified Science, Vol.2, No.2, second edition, 1970, p.83.

12. Werner Heisenberg, Physics and Philosophy, Harper and Row, New York, 1958, p.55.

13. Ibid., pp.89–90.

14. R. Resnick and D. Halliday, Physics Part I, John Wiley and Sons Ltd., New York, 1966, p.608.

15. Ibid., p.609.

16. David Bohm, Causality and Chance in Modern Physics, Harper Torchbooks, 1961, p.80.

Chapter 10

1. Ernst Mach, The Science of Mechanics, Open Court Publ. Co., Illinois, p.589.

2. P.W. Bridgman, The Way Things Are, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1959, p.168.

3. R.P. Feynman, Lectures on Physics, CIT, Vol. I, 1963, pp.2–7.

4. Niels Bohr, “On the Constitution of Atoms and Molecules”, Philosophical Magazine, Vol.26, 1913, p.874.

5. L.I. Schiff, Quantum Mechanics, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1955, p.5.

6. R.P. Feynman, Lectures on Physics, Vol. I, CIT, 1963, p.2–6.

7. David Bohm, Causality and Chance in Modern Physics, Harper Torchbooks, 1961, pp.113–114.

8. P.W. Bridgman, The Way Things Are, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1959, p.196.

9. Lewis S. Feuer, Einstein and the Generations of Science, Basic Books, New York, 1974, pp.115–116.

10. N.R. Hanson, Patterns of Discovery, Cambridge University Press, London, 1958, p.131.

11. Werner Heisenberg, Der Teil und das Ganze, Munich, 1969, p.13.

12. E. Nelson, “Derivation of the Schrodinger Equation from Newtonian Mechanics”, Physical Review, Vol.150, No.4, 1966, p.1079 .

13. Ibid., p.1085.

14. P.W. Bridgman, The Nature of Physical Theory, Dover Publications, New York, p.96.

15. Ibid., p.5.

16. Werner Heisenberg, Physics and Beyond, Harper and Row, 1971, p.75.

17. Ibid., p.75.

18. Werner Heisenberg, Physics and Philosophy, Harper and Row, New York, 1958, p.102.

19. C.S. Smith, Science, Vol.162.

Chapter 11

1. Lewis S. Feuer, Einstein and the Generations of Science, Basic Books, New York, 1974, pp.141–142.

2. Ibid., pp.121–122.

3. Werner Heisenberg, Physics and Philosophy, Harper and Row, New York, 1958, p.53.

4. David Bohm, Causality and Chance in Modern Physics, Harper Torchbooks, 1961, p.30.

5. Ibid., p.10.

6. Lewis S. Feuer, Einstein and the Generations of Science, Basic Books, New York, 1974, p.55.

7. Dicke and Wittke, Introduction to Quantum Mechanics, Addison-Wesley Publ. Co., Reading, 1960, p.22.

8. Werner Heisenberg, Physics and Philosophy, Harper and Row, New York, 1958, p.51.

9. L.I. Schiff, Quantum Mechanics, McGraw-Hill Book Co. Inc., New York, 1955, p.6.

10. O. Theimer, “Derivation of the Blackbody Radiation Spectrum by Classical Statistical Mechanics” , Physical Review D, Vol.4, No.6, 1971, pp.1597–1600.

Chapter 12

1. J. Clerk Maxwell, Matter and Motion, Dover Publ., 1877, p.11.

2. Schlegel, Completeness in Science, p.197.

3. J. Clerk Maxwell, Matter and Motion, Dover Publ., 1877, p.140.

4. Ernst Mach, The Science of Mechanics, Open Court Publ. Co., Illinois, p.273.

5. R.P. Feynman, Lectures on Physics, Vol. I, CIT, 1963, p.5–5.

6. Berkeley Text on Relativity, McGraw-Hill Book Co., p.360.

7. Lewis S. Feuer, Einstein and the Generations of Science, Basic Books, New York, 1974, p.60.

8. J.N.P. Hume, Physics in Two Volumes, John Wiley and Sons, 1974, p.13.

9. Ibid., p.53.

10. E. Persico, Fundamentals of Quantum Mechanics, Prentice-Hall, Inc., New York, 1950, pp.391–392.

11. R.P. Feynman, Lectures on Physics, Vol. I, CIT, 1963, p.38–7.

12. N.R. Hanson, Patterns of Discovery, Cambridge University Press, London, 1958, p.128.

13. M.O. Scully and M. Sargent III, “The Concept of the Photon”, Physics Today , March, 1972, pp.38–46.

Chapter 13

1. N.R. Hanson, Patterns of Discovery, Cambridge University Press, London, 1958, p.109.

2. R.P. Feynman, Lectures on Physics, Vol. II, CIT, 1963, pp.4–7–9.

3. L. Page and N.I. Adams, Principles of Electricity, D.Van Nostrand Co. Inc., New York, 1950.

4. R.P. Feynman, Lectures on Physics, Vol. I, CIT, 1963, pp.7–9.

5. Werner Heisenberg, Physics and Philosophy, Harper and Row, New York, 1958, p.121.

6. H. Bondi, Assumption and Myth in Physical Theory, Cambridge University Press, London, 1967, pp.70–72.

7. Ibid., p.62.

8. R.P. Feynman, Lectures in Physics, Vol. I, CIT, 1963, pp.12–9.

9. H. Bondi, Assumption and Myth in Physical Theory, Cambridge University Press, London, 1967, p.77.

10. Ibid., pp.81–82.

Chapter 14

1. Ernst Mach, The Science of Mechanics, Open Court Publ. Co., Illinois, p.577.

2. Hoffding, “A Philosophical Confession”, The Journal of Philosophy, Psychology, and Scientific Methods, p.90.

3. Hans Reichenbach, The Rise of Scientific Philosophy, University of California Press, 1951, p.31.

4. Albert Einstein, Out of My Later Years, Philosophical Library, New York, 1950, p.63.

5. J.N.P. Hume, Physics in Two Volumes, John Wiley and Sons, 1974, p.73.

6. G. Gamow and J.M. Cleveland, Physics: Foundations and Frontiers, Prentice-Hall, Inc., N.J., 1960, p.7.

7. Ernst Mach, “The Significance and Purpose of Natural Laws”, in Philosophy of Science, World Publishing Co., 1960, p.336.

8. Thomas S. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, International Encyclopedia of Unified Science, Vol.2, No.2, second edition, 1970, p.151.

9. Newton, Second Paper on Light and Colours, 1675.

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